What is Impressionism?
Impressionism is generally considered to be a spontaneous method of painting in which an artist attempts to capture the impression of light in a scene.
Impressionism was a period which emerged in the Nineteenth century and was prominent during the 1870s and 1880s. Impressionistic literature characteristically detailed the author’s impression (idea, opinion, or feeling about something) regarding a scene. Impressionism is sometimes related to symbolism given that impressionists characteristically offer a description of life using emotions and sensations.
The Impressionists broke from the traditional painting methods of their day and applied paint in small touches of pure color rather than mix the paint and apply it in broad strokes using a painting knife or a brush. This method allowed the artists to emphasize the impression of their subject matter rather than paint the object in a more realistic manner.
The philosophies of Impressionists artists applied in their work were widely differ in styles compare to earlier periods. They advocated to work outdoors, create certain visual phenomena by intensive investigation, the study of dramatic effect of light and the etc…. to achieve revelation in technical discoveries.
Impressionism enabled the artist to paint an image in the way that someone might see it if they only caught a quick glimpse of the subject. Most impressionist paintings are outdoor scenes painted in vibrant colors without an emphasis on detail.
Among the artists most closely associated with the movement areMary Cassatt (1844-1926), Edgar Degas (1834-1917), Claude Monet(1840-1926), Camille Pissaro(1830-1903), Pierre-Auguste Renoir(1841-1919), and Alfred Sisley(1839-1899).
What is Expressionism?
Expressionist paintings are characterized by distortion and exaggeration in order to create an emotional effect.
The paintings are full of vivid imagery and emotion and are often described as showing a touch of the dark side of human nature.The expressionist style utilizes intense color, disjointed spaces, and agitated brushstrokes. using symbolism and dream-like elements in their works illustrating the alienating and often emotionally overwhelmed sensibilities.
Expressionism was a period which emerged during the late Nineteenth century and moved into the early Twentieth. This movement was most prominent from 1910 to 1925.
Expressionist painters show their emotions and personal views in their work. They portray subjective reality rather than realism. Artists who paint in this style might incorporate fantasy and violence in their subject matter in order to show the extremes of emotion.
The Expressionists artists works were more emotional, expressive and laden with emblem in a more scientific or intellectual approach. This trend was exemplified by Parisian artists which are Van Gogh and particularly Gauguin Impressionism style.
Some of the artists closely associated with the movement are Marc Chagall (1887-1985), Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944), Paul Klee(1879-1940), August Macke (1887-1914), Franz Marc (1880-1916), Henri Matisse (1869-1964), and Edvard Munch (1863-1944).