- Complementary Colors that are opposite each other on the colour wheel.
- They are pairs of colours based on different wavelengths.
- Example: red and green
- Example: Traffic lights are high contract complementaries and one secondary.
- The high contrast of complementary colours creates a vibrant look, especially when used at full saturation.
- The negative side of mixing complementaries is then when mixed to a 50 – 50 ratio they will balance each other out and create dull grey.
- The best mix is to take the darkest colour and then add the lighter colour to it in small increments.
- For example: start with 100% Yellow + 2% Blue = Green.
- Add more blue to go to a darker green.
- BUT!…it will give a much better and live grey and black than buying black paint and mixing with white.
|Take the x 3 Primary colours, Yellow + Red + Blue|
|Mix Primary + Primary (Yellow and Red) = Secondary|
|Of the three Primaries only Blue is unused. Blue is the complimentary of Orange!|
You will always have to mix 2 primaries to get a secondary. The left over primary will always be the complimentary!
|Green is made up from 2 Primaries – Yellow and Blue.|
|The unused colour is Red.|
|Red is the Complimentary of Green!|
|Make a Purple by mixing Blue and Red.|
|The left over Primary is…Yellow!|
|Yellow is the complimentary of Purple!|
- In the painting of van Gogh’s bedroom, you have the very intense red of the bed sheet which contrasts against the dull green of the floor. You also have the intense orange of the bed frame which contrasts against the weaker blue of the walls and doors.
- Two colours, placed side by side, will appear differently depending on which colours are used and what they are placed next to.
- The effect of this interaction is called simultaneous contrast.
- Simultaneous contrast is most intense when two complementary colours are juxtaposed directly next to each other.
- For example, red placed directly next to a green, if you concentrate on the edge you will see a slight vibration.
- Your eye doesn’t like resting on the edge. The two complementary colours in their purest, most saturated form don’t sit well together, however, if you want to try and focus your viewer gaze on a particular part of the painting a knowledge of the ‘attraction to the eye’ can be used to great effect…
Extremely light or extremely dark colors reveal less of their intrinsic hue; therefore, they are less able to act as color. An awareness of this is extremely important for painters who want to use color to express the luminosity of nature. … Continue reading...The Value of ColorRead More
Analogous color schemes use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs. … Continue reading...Using good colour harmonies.Read More
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